Unless you are a jeweler or a very experienced buyer, it is hard to tell apart the different diamond cuts. As you probably know there are a lot of methods and styles for working with diamonds and creating jewelry. However, some cuts are better than other and render impressive results. The cut is important when buying precious and semi precious stones jewelry. So, when buying diamond jewelry you need to be very careful in assessing its cut. Luckily for you, we know everything about jewelry and we have decided to teach you too. Read further to learn to distinguish between different diamond cuts.

What is a diamond cut?

A diamond cut refers to the shape and facets of a gemstone. You need to remember these two elements when assessing different diamond cuts as they will be very important in determining the value of a gemstone.

Now, this is where it can get a little bit confusing, but we are here to help. Two different diamond cuts can have the same shape, but it doesn’t mean they are one and the same. This is where the facets come into play. A princess and an emerald cut are both rectangular, so they have the same shape. However, they are different because of the configuration of the facets.

Last, but not least, facets are particularly important to the brilliance of a diamond. They reflect light so it is only natural that they affect how much a certain gemstone will shine.

Two groups of different diamond cuts

For sure you have heard of many styles for cutting a diamond, but you should know that there are only two very different diamond cuts. All the existing styles are part of one category or the other. This is easy to remember as the two cuts have different purposes.

  • The brilliant cuts, as the name suggests it, enhance the brilliance of a gemstone. This is their purpose and jewelry makers create facets that reflect the maximum amount of light.
  • The step cuts, on the other hand, don’t have the purpose of enhancing brilliance. The facets are linear and follow a rectangular pattern.

Recognizing different diamond cuts

Before talking about the main different diamond cuts, let’s do a quick recap as this is new information for most of you. A diamond cut refers to the shape and facets of a stone. The shape is pretty self-explanatory, while the facets have the purpose to reflect light and enhance brilliance. As a result, there are two big groups of diamond cuts – the ones that focus on the brilliance and the ones that focus on other attributes, like shape and durability. And now that things are a little bit clearer, let’s take a look at the main different diamond cuts.

The round diamond cut

This is by far the most popular cut and you will see in many places. It features 57 or 58 facets and is part of the brilliant cuts group.

The oval diamond cuts

Even though it sometimes looks similar to the round cut, the oval diamond cut is different. It too has the purpose to enhance brilliance, but it can come in 4 styles:

  • Simple oval cut, which is pretty easy to recognize
  • Pear cut, which means that the diamond has one sharp end
  • Marquise cut, where the diamond has an oval profile, but two sharp ends
  • Heart cut, which means that the diamond has the shape of a heart

The rectangular diamond cut

When it comes to different diamond cuts, the rectangular cut has many derivatives. Some of them are part of the brilliant cuts group, while others fall into the step cuts category:

  • The princess cut is very typical and features four sharp corners, being part of the brilliant cuts group.
  • The radiant cut is similar to the princess one except that the corners are truncated as opposed to sharp.
  • The emerald cut can look like a radiant cut, but the facets are different and it is part of the step cuts group.
  • The Asscher cut is a square where the facets are exactly like in an emerald cut
  • The cushion cut means that the diamond has a rectangular profile, but the corners are rounded.

The triangular diamond cut

There is only one triangular diamond cut, but people usually call it “trillion” or “trilliant”. It is one of the most known diamond cuts and it usually has sharp corners. Of course, with a trillion cut, the stone can also have rounded corners.

As you can imagine, with so many different diamond cuts, there is some debate between brilliant cuts vs step cuts. A recent study shows that 9 out of 10 diamond cuts are brilliant. Of course, everybody wants more brilliance, but step cuts can also offer some great advantages – they look great on vintage and vintage-style jewelry, and they can be fairer priced. It is up to you to decide what style suits you the best.

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Ruxandra is a fashion blogger who teaches fashion stumped twenty to thirty somethings how to shop their jewelry boxes for polished new ensembles. Her work has been featured in Vogue, Fashionista, Nylon, and Refinery29.